Skip to main content

tv   Presidential Medal of Freedom Ceremony  CSPAN  November 25, 2015 5:36am-6:28am EST

5:36 am
because it is the only way to bring a spirited country back to a sense that tomorrow will be much better than yesterday. if we do that, then we have an opportunity to bring our country together again. i am happy to answer your questions. [applause] >> thank you, governor christie. thank you councilmembers here and those participating by teleconference. in the country and around the world, we will hear from some of hem later. here is how we are going to do this. i will take advantage of my prerogative as moderator to ask you a few questions. then, we will open it to questions from you all and some from people who are listening and. let me start with you talked for a while about the battle against isis obviously. down the street this morning, president hollande was here,
5:37 am
asking him about ways to increase u.s.-french efforts and to create a better international effort. in a christie administration, what form with the american participation in that effort take? governor christie: first off, we're inheriting a situation that has been allowed to get so out of control that our options are limited. that's the first concern. the question is what you do now? not how to look back in retrospect and how to do it differently. i would say this, i would hope that france invokes article five. this is an attack on one and -- that's an attack on all. we need to be really clear about this. it seems like mrs. clinton won't
5:38 am
use the term "radical islamic terrorism" because she thinks this will be insulting to the rest of the muslim world. i think it is clarifying. f you say you are going to war with radical islamic terrorism, then by definition, you're not going to war with the rest of islam. in my state, we have the second largest muslim american immunity -- community in the country. there are muslim americans and high-ranking positions in my staqte. -- in a my state. these are good, hard-working americans. confusion is created by euphemisms. let's remember something. they are trying to limit our freedoms. and so a christie administration would work with the nato alliance to bring the ull effect we could have, hold
5:39 am
diplomatically, but also from a intelligence perspective to do what we need to do to bring isis to a conclusion. but we also need to be honest with the american people. because of the situation we inherited, this will take a long time. this is not going to be something that happened overnight. it just isn't. they cannot happen overnight. i have heard some people say this is our world war and this is the way it will work. it may be true. in terms of length and effort, we need to prepare the american people that this is not something, whether it is handled diplomatically, militarily, or through intelligence, that will end any time soon. it's going to go on for a long time. >> does that troops on the ground under the nato umbrella nd is there some concern that is what isis wants? to drop in a western response is to validate their dinner table that this is the crusaders against the true believers. that is a trap, a centrally. -- trap, essentially.
5:40 am
governor christie: the trap only works if you walk into it. this has to be done carefully and that is why working with nato is not all be have to do. our arabe need to work allies in the middle east as well. most of our allies are suspicious of what american interests really are in the middle east and what our motives are. and clwl they can count on us with friendship. they look at what has happened with the iranian deal. they look at what has happened with our public interaction with israel. in some of those capitals, i think they are wondering if they can count on the americans to resolve anything. this is not only a nato operation. i think you have to work hard to bring our arab allies tory void the trap that's sys is looking to set. >> and president putin, what is his role? what does chris christie say? governor christie: you know, i think we could get there eventually, but he'd have to
5:41 am
understand the limits of our atience. he is reaching the limits of our patience. i don't think we would be fast friends. >> would you be partners in syria? governor christie: not as long as he wants to partner with asad. our goals are different. his role in syria is to prop up asad and to keep him there. i don't think he has any real interests. -- in combating isis. his real interest is to prop up assad. i don't think he has any real interest, even after isis attacks his own people. i don't think that is his riority. he has limited capability and he is focusing that on his top priority. that is, propping up asad. >> the last question from me, to
5:42 am
follow-up from that. i take it that you don't buy the theory that what the u.s. and france should do is grit our teeth and accept the fact that president say sad will have to stay in office for a little while longer so everybody can focus on the fight on isis? governor christie: no, because the premise is faulty. others like the russians and iranians will focus on solidifying asad's position for the long-term. you can't have an agreement with someone whose goals and objectives are completely different than yours. i don't believe we're at a point -- at the moment, maybe russia will come around, but i don't see it happening anytime soon. not with the iranians either. the premise of the question is faulty. i don't agree with that. >> let me ask. barbara, i'll start with you. here's the deal. you have to stand up, wait for
5:43 am
the microphone, tell us who you are, where you are from, and ask a question. ot make a statement. overnor christie: sounds good. i'm a wall flower so we'll see what we can do. >> governor christie. my name is barbara and i have lived in livingston, new jersey at one point. governor christie: as did it. >> in syria, who would you support in opposition to asad? how would you make a coherent opposition to him that could fight isis? what do you make of the fact that our arab allies saudi have been concentrating most of their time on bombing yemen? governor christie: i will start from the end and work back up. i think they are spending their time on that for two reasons. they see it as a greater threat to them.
5:44 am
secondly, they don't think they can count on us. i think they have good reason to think they can't count on us. our policies at best have been erratic. our policies differ than our words. i think if you spoke to the jordanians, the saudi's, and the emirates and the egyptians that they would say the same thing. they don't know what american policy is. the are afraid we are playing footsie with iran. they don't know what that will mean for their long-term interests in the region. i think the belief that american solve is only as good as the the next poll that comes out rom quinnipiac or maris. if that is the case, why would they want to get involved with us? on the syrian part, that is the part that makes what happens over the past two years or more,
5:45 am
makes this even more complicated. i don't think there is a coherent opposition at the moment. you know, the problem though, is that assad himself is i think one of the great causes of isis and one of the great irritants through the way he's conducted his policy toward his own people. and so, the president has now left us in a really difficult situation. the president's solution is what it always is. don't do anything. let others do stuff and see how it shakes out. but meep time, isis is getting stronger and they are not contained. their scope is not contained. there range is not contained. it will only get greater. -- to the extent that they're not being pressured there.
5:46 am
i don't have an answer to, who is the group you would put in charge of syria? the problem is, given how badly it has deteriorated and how long the president has ignored this festering problem, he has left us with a situation that is at best, on your best day, too complex and too problematic for a two minute answer. and one that's going to take a lot more time to figure out. but, long-term, assad staying doesn't help the isis problem and creates other problems in the middle east as well. >> right here, and then we will go back there. >> thank you. you spoke quite a bit about president reagan. you did not speak about his vice president, george h.w. bush. you did not speak about the most recent republican president, george w. bush. i think many of us could easily imagine the remarks that you made today having been stated by president george w. bush, it seems to come out of the same
5:47 am
ideology. would you be a strong president in the mold of president george w. bush? and would that give us the same foreign policy that he gave us? governor christian: no, i don't think that's the case. concerning the fight on terrorism, i think there are a lot of similarities, yes. i think all of the tools we need to have it should be made available to us and we need to make sure we police those who use the tools. see, the argument we had this past spring was, somehow the tools were inherently faulty. they're not. the tools are effective and proven to be effective. there are always going to be folks operating in every sphere of life who will color outside the lines. there are bad doctors, lawyers, accountants, athletes. right? in every walk of life. yet, what we decide to do this
5:48 am
summer is to throw tested and proven effective tools out because of allegations, not even proof, but allegations that somehow those tools could be used in a way that was unconstitutional. i still have not seen the case may that anything that was done was unconstitutional. when that case is made it is by people who don't have any idea what they are talking about. not the first idea of how to use these tools. you know, you hear about the mettadata collection operation at the n.s.a. and you hear people talk about that and they extrapolate someone reading your e-mails with your grandmother and listen in on your phone calls with your wife when of course none of that was going on and none of that had to do with the mettadata operation.
5:49 am
but, you know, this administration has an agenda. the agenda was to ratchet it down. they put people into it. on the terrorism issue, i would say president george w. bush was combating terrorism and stopping attacks on american soil -- his record is pretty good. on the law enforcement side, one thing happened on my watch that not only i would be ashamed of -- that i am not proud of -- we intercepted at least two serious and significant plots of terrorism in the immediate using the f 9/11 tools provided for us. one regarding a shoulder fired missile purchase and one about a private attack. either of which had occurred would have cost american lives. we need a president that understands this. our for policy could be changed in a number of ways. n the fight on terror, the
5:50 am
language that might be most like george w. bush, i am proud to be part of that administration. i'm proud of the work that we did. >> let me follow-up on one point quickly. there was a federal judge that admitted a program was probably unconstitutional. and he shut it down at that point. so how do you avoid that problem if you resurrect it? governor christie: first off, that's one federal trial court judge. he or she is welcome to their opinion. that will be appealed and will go most likely to the supreme court to make that determination. and there could be potentially, depending on the ultimate decision, small changes that could be made that can address those concerns. this was a wholesale abandonment of it. this is saying we will put it in the private sector hands. we're going to count on the phone companies to make this
5:51 am
data available, to make it accessable to us immediately. listen, i'm a former federal prosecutor. when i subpoenaed, grand jury material was not immediate, nor will this be. and it's fantasy to think that the metadata program will be nearly as effective, effective at all turned way it's been ameppeded. paris will prove out to be an intelligence failure. you have people from multiple country, a sin co niced attack. they didn't get together at the taco bell 15 minutes before and put this think before. so that means it's an intelligence failure on the part of french intelligence, our european intelligence and american intelligence. and it's not a coincidence to me that that this happened in the aftermath of restricting those programs and remember also demoralizing the intelligence community, that awful report that came out from the senate
5:52 am
democrats at the end of last year was a complete political instrument that did nothing more than demoralize american intelligence officers all around the world. you cannot don't do that and expect those people will put themselves in harm's way and do the dangerous dirty work that needs be done to get this information. if you continue to demoralize them and put them at risk and take tools away from them at the same time. >> right there? >> mark kennedy, george washington university. in addition to talking about terrorism, you also alluded to some concerns about trade. just worneding if you had any specific concerns about the trans pacific partnership and whether you see it as a specific geo political step to keep china pushing us out of influence in the pacific. governor christie: my specific concern was that it was negotiabled by the barack that is my istration.
5:53 am
specific concern. that has been in the american interest. so, i have great skepticism about that agreement. do i have skepticism about trade overall? no. i like trade agreements that are fair and something that the american people can support. throughout the pacific, with china, it is important thing. but i wouldn't let this president negotiate to buy me a car because if he went into the car dealer sthoip buy me a car, his first words to the salesman would be, this is my friend chris, he's not leaving this show room today without a car. [laughter] so let's negotiate price. that's my concern. >> let me turn to a question that came in. >> cars? e's from new york.
5:54 am
governor christie: mayor deblasio. >> it's about americanism different from jihadism? what would you make sure they have access to it? governor christie: not really. not really. i mean, again, that sounds to me like the world which it is instead of how it is. i don't think they're interested in that at the moment. are there elements of that? sure. it is not acceptable. what i use american power to make it accessible, no. no, i wouldn't. >> right here and then right there. go. es, sir. >> i was formerly with the department of state. governor, as president, what changes would you seek to make in our current immigration policies? governor christie: a number.
5:55 am
first, it goes back to what i was saying in my remarks. any change to policy of that kind of the united states have to have the support of the american people. the reason that, in my view, immigration reform has failed up to this point are because the american people do not trust the government. -- to actually do what they say they're going to do. and they have pretty good reason not to. so i think the first thing we need to do is to regain the trust of the american people and to do that is enforced the laws we have now effectively and clearly. we need to secure our border. that's always part of the issue. i'm not -- just to get this part of the way. 'm not a wall guy. i don't think that makes sense.
5:56 am
i don't think how they ask it, he's paying for it. even if it's really beautiful, i don't think he's paying for it. but i do believe the wall in the most heavily populated need to use more of our technology -- drones and stationary cameras. it is ungodly expensive to do it. i would be embedded -- a lot more fbi, atf and cia agents to try to disrupt guns across the border as a public safety issue. our visa program is one of the biggest problems that people are upset about. it invites people in. for a period of time and we don't keep track of them and
5:57 am
they stay. it should be like if i woke up on saturday morning and i went upstairs to the guest room and he is still there. i invited him for thanksgiving, not the weekend. we have to find a way no one stays. i got in a lot of trouble with this with folks. i thought everybody in the media -- english as a first language -- federal express, figure out how to track a passage -- package from the minute it leaves my doorstep into where i wanted to go and every step in between, we should be able to do that with the visa program. wonderful folks in the program -- they want to track folks like packages. i went on cnn -- they said are you putting bars on people? they said the media complains about the level of intelligence. that is something for me as a candidate.
5:58 am
we need a biometric system for visas. barcodes are already right there. everyone is an individual. every person who comes in will have fingerprints and have a database. they should have to give that. if you are over your visa, go home. whether it is 10 or 11 or 12 of these people -- however you count them -- 40% or more of those folks are visa overstayed. if you just deal with the southern border, with a biometric system, you cannot control that flow. you have to verify them as well. unlike what some people think, they are coming here to work. do those things first. show people you enforce the law. what people are most upset about with this president is the
5:59 am
sentence of lawlessness. don't enforce it. i like it so don't enforce it. don't like marijuana laws? let's passage for recreational use. don't enforce it. the law we don't enforce today will be the law we don't enforce today tomorrow, right? all of a sudden, we have a real problem. if you want to move towards fixing this problem, convincing the american people you can actually do this before you get greater latitude to do other things -- some of us may be wrong, but none of us will support that because they don't believe the government is competent. >> we have one last question.
6:00 am
i want to remind everybody that the conversation is on the record. gov. christie: now you tell me. [laughter] >> what are the cameras doing back there? >> hi, my name is -- i wanted to follow up on the syrian refugee question. a former secretary talked about biometrics are run on syrian refugees and one of the most rigorous settings we have. are you hoping to reconsider the possibility of letting in more syrian refugees and you think it can be done? the former secretary of state said we are sending a bad signal by black -- blocking all the syrian refugees. gov. christie: you have to review the different people that
6:01 am
have to do it. none of them, by the way, have responsibility today to the american people. it is easy to theorize. not to be critical. that don't have any responsibility. so, you know, when the fbi director tells me he can do it, i will reconsider. mike used to be the u.s. attorney -- my old job. dhs secretary and a really smart guy. real respect for him. it is easy to say those things. people on television want you to
6:02 am
think because it is the politically correct thing to say to them. that is the politically correct thing to say. believe me. i've seen the e-mails. the facebook posts. i am not deaf, dumb and blind. i am not saying that because i have a responsibility. by the way, the federal government has a responsibility to me. this administration is not inform governments of refugees in the state. most people -- some programs last week -- that is impossible. i said, no, actually, it is happening. the president overall in the phone last week told the governor's when that issue was raised -- he said, we will be better. wonderfully assuring, if you are
6:03 am
governor of the state. the fact is the person who has the responsibility today, the primary responsibility of telling as law-enforcement capability is the director of the fbi. the attorney general, i think, implied this. the director of the fbi spoke out about this. it cannot happen. they don't have the wherewithal in their databases at the moment that would effectively deal with this. that is a determinant for me. it is only not if the priorities were different. if your priority is the winner nobel peace prize then ok. what you want is to get a pat on the back of the world opinion shakers, then say otherwise. if your responsibility is to protect the lives of the people that you represent and you have the top law enforcement official in the country saying i cannot stop them, it does not seem like a hard decision. it only becomes hard when we give -- we are sending signals.
6:04 am
we are sending signals. well, what happens if one of these people come in, what kind of signals are we sending them? can guarantee you there will be all kinds of people in this town who will have the opinion and will run for the hills, who will all of a sudden have qualifiers. "oh, wait a second, i said this and that." when you are in charge, when you have to be responsible, you do not get to run, and you do not get to hide, and you should not run and hide now. haveis my view because i the responsibility, and i've had the responsibility of law enforcement officers, too. when the fbi director tells me he can do this better and more effectively, then that changes the equation. but up until this moment, we do not have that. we have a bunch of used to bes role is toing their
6:05 am
go on television and say things, and then when something goes the other way, they go on television and go the other way because they do not have the responsibility. respect great deal of for all of those you named in those you you would have continued to name except i interrupted you. [laughter] but they are not the ones who are responsible, and i am telling you that that is one of my biggest problems with the president -- he is responsible. he should know better. and he should listen to the people he put in charge. i cannot imagine he knows more about thisleman issue. i cannot imagine a scenario under which he understands and knows more than jim comey. ,ometimes it is about listening
6:06 am
even if it is contrary to exactly what you want, you need to listen. and i will tell you that if something does happen where american lives are lost, the american public both will be and should be relentlessly unforgiving of those who are responsible for having done the politically correct thing and not listen to people who knew more than they did. >> governor christie, thank you so much. it has been a pleasure to have you. thank you so much. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] >> c-span takes you on the access, -- c-span takes you on the road to the white house. we are taking a comments on twitter, facebook, and by phone, and always, every campaign event we cover is available on or what right, -- our website, >> on our next "washington
6:07 am
journal," a debate over raising the minimum wage with james sherk and kendall fells. a preview of the upcoming climate change talks with dean scott, and a look at native american communities with jacqueline pata. "washington journal" is live on c-span at 7:00 a.m. eastern time with your phonecalls, tweets, and facebook comments. four days of nonfiction books and authors this holiday weekend on c-span2's book tv. thursday morning starting at 8:00 eastern, all-day coverage of the 15th annual national book festival from washington, d.c. the 32nd annual miami book fair. our coverage begins 8:00 a.m. eastern featuring author talks and interviews. saturday afternoon at 3:00,
6:08 am
robert poole on the 14-acre plot at arlington national cemetery known as section 60. later, roberta kaplan. we filed the case, and the government always gets a certain amount of time to respond, and i got a call from the trial level attorney saying look, we are thinking about what to do in the case, and we need time to decide. and i will be honest with you -- i did not believe her. i thought she was stalling for time. first of all, i do not get to be a plaintiff all that much, and number two, there were a lot of health issues during the case, so it was very, you want to make sure when the case is still over not only edie is still alive but is also healthy to enjoy it. and i said to the government, "forget it, no extension.."
6:09 am
>> watchable tv all weekend, every weekend on c-span2. yesterday, president obama awarded the medal of freedom to 17 americans for their achievements in science, the arts, sports, and public service. recipients include senator barbara mikulski, who is retiring next year, baseball -- the ceremony is just under one hour. >> ladies and gentlemen, the recipients of the presidential medal of freedom.
6:10 am
larry berra, accepting for yogi estefan, thea sf honorable lee hamilton. willie howard mays, junior the honorable senator barbara mikulski. itzhak perlman. the honorable william ruckelshaus. stephen sondheim. steven spielberg. barbra streisand. james taylor. lori yasui, accepting for minoru yasui. [applause]
6:11 am
6:12 am
♪ >> ladies and gentlemen, the president of the united states and mrs. michelle obama. [applause] president obama: hello, everybody. please, thank you. thank you. everybody, please have a seat. welcome to the white house, everybody. a bunch of people were saying i was pretty busy today, which is true.
6:13 am
but this, this is a fun kind of busy, right here. extraordinary people. innovators, artists, and leaders who contribute to america's strength as a nation. we offer them our highest civilian honor, the presidential medal of freedom. [applause] let me tell you just a little bit about them, although i suspect people here already know their stories. growing up in west virginia, katherine johnson counted everything. she counted steps, dishes, the distance to the church.
6:14 am
by 10 years old, she was in high school. by 18 she graduated from college with degrees in math and french. as an african-american woman, job options were limited. but she was eventually hired as one of several female mathematicians for the agency that would become nasa. katherine calculated the flight path for america's first mission in space, the path that put neil armstrong on the moon. she was even asked to double check the computer's math on john glenn's orbit around the earth. [laughter] so if you think your job is pressure-packed, hers meant forgetting to carry the one might send somebody floating off into the solar system. [laughter]
6:15 am
in her 33 years at nasa, she was a pioneer who broke the barriers of race and gender, showing generations of young people that everyone can excel in math and science and reach for the stars. in the early 1960's, a lawyer named bill ruckelshaus drove through indiana in a truck, taking samples from streams choked with dead fish. he called it "a very good time." i think we have different definitions of a good time, but it was all part of protecting americans from big polluters. in 1970, when richard nixon created the environmental protection agency, he made bill , a fellow republican, its first director. under bill's leadership, the epa developed clean-air standards, banned the harmful pesticide ddt, and most importantly, bill
6:16 am
set a powerful precedent, that protecting our environment is something we must come together and do as a country. he became known as "mr. clean," and lived up to that nickname when he resigned from the nixon administration rather than derail the watergate investigation. he never truly retired. he recently led the fight to protect puget sound, and has urged his fellow republicans to join him in combating climate change. he spent his life putting country before party or politics, and he reminds us how noble public service can be. our air and water is cleaner, and our lives are brighter because of him. back in 1966, plans were laid for a highway straight through some of baltimore's neighborhoods. the new road seemed like a go,
6:17 am
it was about to happen, that is until it ran into a young social worker. let's just say, you don't want to be on the wrong side of barbra mikulski. [laughter] mikulski.r barbara [laughter] she stopped that highway and jumpstarted one of the finest public service careers we have ever seen. for decades, barbara has been a lion, a lioness on capitol hill, fighting for working families, fighting for high-paying jobs, fighting for the prospects of america's women and girls. i could not be prouder to have her by my side as i signed into law the lilly ledbetter fair pay act, the first law that i signed. barbara's legacy -- [applause] barbara's legacy reflects her roots, a mom who offered grocery store credit to steelworkers on strike, a dad who greeted every customer with a friendly "can i help you?"
6:18 am
we are lucky that that is a question barbara has been asking and answering longer than any female lawmaker in our history. [applause] there are people in our country's history who don't look left or right, they just straight ahead. shirley chisholm was one of those people. driven by a profound commitment to justice, she became the first african-american congresswoman, the first african-american woman from a major political party to run for president. when shirley was assigned the house agricultural committee despite the fact that her district was from new york city, she said, apparently all they know here in washington about brooklyn is that a tree grew there. [laughter] but she made the most of her new role, helping to create the
6:19 am
supplemental nutrition program that feeds poor mothers and their children. shirley chisholm's example transcends her life. when asked how she would like to be remembered, she answered, i would like them to say that shirley chisholm had guts. i'm proud to say it. shirley chisholm had guts. "at its best," lee hamilton once said, "representative democracy gives us a system where all of us have a voice in the process and a stake in the product." in 34 years in congress, lee hamilton was a faithful servant to that ideal, representing his district, his beloved indiana, and his country with integrity and honor. as head of the house foreign affairs and intelligence committees, he guided us through the cold war and into a new era of american leadership. a man widely admired on
6:20 am
both sides of the aisle for his honesty, wisdom, and consistent commitment to bipartisanship. from serving as vice chair of the 9/11 commission to making congress more effective, lee remains a tireless public servant and a trusted advisor and friend to many. i am proud to count myself among them. we also celebrate those who have stirred our souls and lifted our spirits as icons of the stage, screen, and song. born in brooklyn to middle-class jewish parents -- i did not know you were jewish, barbra. [laughter] barbra streisand attended her first broadway show at age 14. she remembered thinking, i could go up on that stage and play any
6:21 am
role without any trouble at all. that is what is called chutzpah. [laughter] it helps when you have got amazing talent, all of which made her a global sensation, one whose voice has been described as "liquid diamonds" and whose fans have considered bronzing her used coffee cups. [laughter] she has sold more albums in america than any woman in history. she has collected just about every honor and award that there is. i could not believe she had not gotten this one. [laughter] off the stage, she has been a passionate advocate for issues like heart disease and women's equality.
6:22 am
in an interview, violinist itzhak perlman was once asked what sound he loves. his eyes lit up, and he replied, "the sound of onions sizzling in a pan." [laughter] is a man of large appetites who knows how to live. he also happens to be a pretty good musician, and he persevered through childhood polio to become not only a virtuoso, but also a powerful advocate for people with disabilities. he has played with every major orchestra in the world, conducted many of them, taught generations of young musicians. he has won grammies, emmys, he has performed with the greats, leonard bernstein, yo-yo ma, telly from "sesame street." [laughter]
6:23 am
but what truly sets them apart and what perhaps makes him the greatest violinist of our time is that he approaches music the way he approaches everything in life, with passion and with joy. he lays bare the soul of a piece, and by doing so he makes the world a little more beautiful. i'm proud to call the next honoree a friend as well. the truth is, a lot of people say that about james taylor. that's what happens when you spend four decades telling people "just call out my name and i'll come running." [laughter] but that's the thing about james. you always feel like he's singing only to you. as a fan of his once said, james can turn an arena into a living room. that's why he became one of the driving forces of the singer-songwriter movement, and
6:24 am
his honesty and candor about overcoming substance abuse has inspired not only his music, but people all around the world. so come fire or rain, come carolina, mexico, or a country road, james taylor is there to comfort us, to help us look within, and to urge us all to shower the people we love with love. on a miami night in 1975, a young woman named gloria walked into a wedding reception and saw a handsome young man named emilio leading his band. he was playing "do the hustle" -- on an accordion. [laughter] i'm quoting her now. she said she found this "sexy and brave." i mean, the brave part i understand. [laughter]
6:25 am
but it turns out he had a few other things up his sleeve. he brought her up to sing a few songs that night, then invited her to join his band. a few months later, emilio asked gloria for a birthday kiss. it was not his birthday, but he got the kiss anyway, and emilio and gloria estefan have been partners on and off stage ever since. some worried they were too latin for americans, and too american for latins. together, their fusion sound has sold more than 100 million records, and as proud cuban-americans, they have promoted their cultural heritage and inspired fans around the world. an awful lot of people have gone to musicals to forget their troubles, just like they were dancing to the estefan's music.
6:26 am
stephen sondheim, i think, is somebody who is not interested in that. as a composer and lyricist, a nd a genre unto himself, sondheim challenges his audiences. his greatest hits are not tunes you can hum -- they are reflections on roads we didn't take and wishes gone wrong, relationships so frayed and fractured that there's nothing left to do but send in the clowns. yet stephen's music is so beautiful, his lyrics so precise, that even as he exposes the imperfections of everyday life, he transcends them. we transcend them. put simply, stephen reinvented the american musical, which has loomed large over six decades in the theater. with revivals from broadway to the big screen, he is still here, pulling us up short and
6:27 am
giving us support for being alive. here's how steven spielberg once explained his creative process. "once a month, the sky falls on my head. i come to, and i see another movie i want to make." [laughter] this sounds painful for steven, but it has worked out well for the rest of us. in his career, steven has introduced us to extraterrestrials, rogue archaeologists, killer sharks. he has taken us to neverland, jurassic park, but also the beaches of normandy and nazi concentration camps. despite redefining the word "prolific," a spielberg movie is still a spielberg movie. somebody is calling to see if they can make a deal with him now. [laughter] they want to make a pitch. sehe


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on